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dc.contributor.authorBotta, Guido Fernando
dc.contributor.authorTolón-Becerra, Alfredo
dc.contributor.authorLastra-Bravo, Xavier
dc.contributor.authorTourn, M.
dc.contributor.authorBalbuena, Roberto Hernán
dc.contributor.authorRivero, David Ezequiel Ricardo
dc.descriptionEl texto completo de este documento se accede desde computadoras de la UNLPam.
dc.description.abstractOur main objective was to evaluate the effect of subsoil compaction on maize (Zea mays L.) yields. This work was performed on clayey soil and on loamy Entic Haplustoll soil. Three types of direct sowing (DS) equipment (heavy load (HL), medium load (ML) and light load (LL)) were utilised. We hypothesised that the application of DS over five continuous years would cause subsoil compaction and that maize yields would be affected. The cone index (CI), root dry matter per plant (RDM), dry matter per plant (DMP) and maize yields (MY) were measured. The results show that after five years, the CI values produced by the HL treatment were higher in clayey soil than in loamy soil, which decreased maize yields. At site 1, the highest average RDM values were found in 2005; the measurements for the LL and ML treatments were 45.9 and 43.1 g plant1 , respectively, whereas the highest value in the HL treatment was 35.6 g plant1. For site 2, the highest RDM values were found in 2006; the measurements for the LL and ML treatments were 42.6 and 38.2 g plant1 , respectively, whereas the highest value in the HL treatment was 30.2 g plant1 . The average DMP measurement (site 1) was 150 g plant1 in the LL treatment, followed by 147 g plant1 in ML and 137 g plant1 in HL. Site 2 values were 143, 137 and 130 g plant1 in LL, ML and HL, respectively. At both sites, the HL treatment resulted in a significantly lower maize yield (14.3% and 11% for sites 1 and 2, respectively) compared to the ML and LL treatments. The main conclusions were as follows: when clayey and loamy soil was trafficked with between loads of 144 and 177.9 kN for five years, the cone index was increased in the subsoil. These high CI values caused by the combination of a high axle load and ground pressure would have affected the maize yields. 2013
dc.format.extentp. 111-120
dc.sourceSoil and Tillage Research. 2013; vol.134
dc.titleContinuous application of direct sowing: Traffic effect on subsoil compaction and maize (Zea mays L.) yields in Argentinean Pampas
dc.unlpam.instituciondeorigenFacultad de Agronomía
dc.unlpam.filiacionBotta, Guido Fernando. Universidad Nacional de Luján; Argentina.
dc.unlpam.filiacionBotta, Guido Fernando. Universidad de Buenos Aires; Argentina.
dc.unlpam.filiacionTolón-Becerra, Alfredo. Universidad de Almería; España.
dc.unlpam.filiacionLastra-Bravo, Xavier. Universidad de Almería; España.
dc.unlpam.filiacionTourn, M.. Universidad de Buenos Aires; Argentina.
dc.unlpam.filiacionBalbuena, Roberto Hernán. Universidad Nacional de La Plata; Argentina.
dc.unlpam.filiacionRivero, David Ezequiel Ricardo. Universidad Nacional de La Pampa; Argentina.
dc.subject.keywordCone index
dc.subject.keywordHeavy axle load
dc.subject.keywordTractor traffic
dc.subject.keywordPlanter machine
dc.subject.keywordBearing capacity

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